История мотоцикла Урал

мотоцикл урал

История мотоциклов «Урал» началась в 1939 году, когда в основе экономики СССР была программа предвоенного планирования. Министерство обороны организовало встречу, на которой военному руководству предстояло обсудить и выбрать достойную модель мотоцикла для жесткой эксплуатации в сухопутных войсках Красной армии. После беседы наиболее подходящими мотоциклами были названы BMW модели R71. Пять таких экземпляров были тайно приобретены посредниками в Швеции и контрабандным способом доставлены в СССР. Советские инженеры провели важную работу: разобрано все пять мотоциклов, скопирован дизайн каждой детали BMW, сделаны спецформы для производства моторов и КПП в Москве. В 1941 году с конвейера съехал первый опытный образец военного мотоцикла, который получил собственное название М-72. Этот экземпляр представили Сталину, и он «дал добро» на массовое производство. Спустя небольшой временной промежуток мотоциклетный завод в Москве начал производить сотни таких мотоциклов с коляской М-72. Со временем все мощности завода перенесли подальше на Урал в небольшой город Ирбит, который сыграл немаловажную роль в торговых процессах России. 

мотоцикл урал

После Второй мировой Ирбитский мотоциклетный Завод (ИМЗ) серьезно модернизировали и реконструировали. Военные «Уралы» начали выпускать на Украине, а ИМЗ стал собирать мотоциклы для гражданских нужд. Популярность «Урал» постоянно росла, и с 1960-го года завод ИМЗ полностью сосредоточен на выпуске мотоциклов в гражданской версии. Первые такие «Уралы» пошли на экспорт в 1953 году. В то время экспорт товаров производился в основном в развивающиеся страны. В конце 1960-х поставки «Урал» начались в массовых количествах. На дорогах всех континентов начало появляться все больше мотоциклов «Урал». Это было уникальное сочетание доступной себестоимости, консервативного дизайна и функциональности. В начале 90-х завод ИМЗ был реорганизован в АО «Uralmoto». В 2000-м году акции компании «Уралмото» были переданы инвесторам. На данный момент ИМЗ уже не является госкомпанией. Новые собственники руководствуются принципиально новой политикой, базирующейся на высоком качестве и контроле производства. 

Завод ИМЗ – единственный в РФ изготовитель тяжелой мототехники. Экспорт уральских мотоциклов осуществляется на все континенты. Качество и самобытность этой техники оценено многими на протяжении десятилетий. Общее количество выпущенных мотоциклов «Урал» более 3,2 миллиона. Силовые установки, трансмиссии, главные передачи, колеса, вилки, бензобаки, рамы, коляски, ручки руля производятся непосредственно на заводе. При этом большинство запчастей делаются вручную. Все электроборудование, амортизаторы, резиновые комплектующие, пластиковые панели и ряд других запасных частей поставляют на производство другие российские заводы. Кроме того, завод ИМЗ занимается выпуском некоторых комплектующих для автозаводов России. Будущее «Урала» выглядит очень перспективно, компания постоянно совершенствует и модернизирует свои мотоциклы.



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